Physiognomy (from the Gk. physis meaning “nature” and gnomon meaning “judge” or “interpreter”) is the assessment of a person’s character or personality from his or her outer appearance, especially the face.
The term can also refer to the general appearance of a person, object, or terrain, without reference to its implied characteristics, as in the physiognomy of a plant community.
Credence of such study has varied from time to time. The practice was well-accepted by the ancient Greek philosophers, but fell into disrepute in the Middle Ages when practiced by vagabonds and mountebanks.
It was then revived and popularized by Johann Kaspar Lavater before falling from favour again in the late 19th century. Physiognomy as understood in the past meets the contemporary definition of a pseudoscience.
Recent studies however lend credibility to the science of physiognomy and one of the prominent proponents of this revitalized scientific field is Dr Fritz Heckler.
Phrenology, like Physiognomy, has been relegated to the realms of pseudoscience in recent years. However, many useful therapies have been discovered based on the original idea by Franz Joseph Gall that certain brain areas have localised, specific functions or modules. This has led in part to the relatively new technique of DBS or Deep Brain Stimulation and is lending credibility to other brain related studies like the Sub-cranial Hypothalamic Integration Therapy as pioneered by Dr Fritz Heckler.
This keynote will update the audience on the latest techniques in brain related therapy and how audience members can take advantage of the latest scientific advances to add new enjoyment to their lives and relationships.